The Basics Of Coffee Grinds

Three things are essential to brewing a great cup of coffee: premium coffee beans, quality water at the right temperature and properly ground coffee. This blog will explore the role of coffee grounds in making delicious coffee.  

Roasted coffee beans must be ground before being brewed and it is important to use the correct grind in order to properly extract the coffee flavor. Under-extracted coffee will be watery and acidic, and indicates the grind was too coarse. Over-extracted coffee will be bitter and have an overpowering, unpleasant flavor, most likely due to a grind that was too fine. 

For just-right coffee flavor, it is important to select the right grind size which is tied directly to the brew method and the steeping time of each method. Different brew methods require different steeping times and as the steeping time increases, so does the coarseness of the grind.

Another way to think about grind size is surface area and saturation. The more finely a coffee is ground, the more surface area is exposed and the quicker the coffee is saturated, therefore the steeping time is much shorter.

The three most common grinds are:

  • Coarse Grind

When coffee grounds are going to spend a long time in water, a coarse grind is best to ensure the flavors do not over-extract and/or the coffee does not dissolve into the drink. Longer brew methods perfect for coarsely ground coffee are French press, cold brew and percolator. The texture of coarsely ground coffee is similar to sea salt.

  • Medium Grind

The most popular grind is medium and is ideal for traditional drip coffee makers. The texture of this grind is similar to sand. 

  • Fine Grind 

Finely ground coffee is for espresso machines because the coffee spends very little time in the water. The finely ground coffee has a lot of surface area exposed in the water and therefore requires very little time to extract the flavor. Finely ground coffee has a powdery texture.

Find Perfectly Ground Coffee In Texas

Primos Coffee offers whole bean coffee if you prefer to grind your own but we also offer perfectly ground coffee for your preferred brew method. Our coffee is specialty coffee, hand-picked in Nicaragua, and roasted to order in Texas.